Methandienoneis an oral steroid, which is commonly known by the name of Anabol or Danabol. It is structurally unstable with the ability to aromatize and hence become functionally useless. It is famous for its very powerful anabolic and androgenic effects in the body. It is preferred over many other commercially available steroids due to the ease of administration. It is taken orally while other steroids have to be injected intramuscularly and so daily visits to a doctor are required in the latter case.
Anabolic effects ofmethandienoneare on protein metabolism where it prevents loss of proteins from the body and aids their accumulation. This action ensures adequate protein deposition in the muscles, increases lean body mass of the person, and enhances muscle power. It also allows sufficient amount of glycogen to be stored in the body.
Androgenic effects are beneficial for men where they too add to the muscle strength and reserve. Such effects however not favored by women because of issues like facial hair, enlargement of clitoris, deepening of voice, etc.
In addition to the beneficial effects, methandienone has several adverse effects that have decreased its popularity sufficiently in the past decade.
Among the most notable ones is the fluid retention. Fluid retention leads to swelling of the body (edema) which is particularly prominent in the facial region. Moreover,methandienonehas an alkyl group attached to the alpha carbon that adds to its hepatotoxicity. With prolonged intake of methandienone, liver function is abnormally altered and liver function tests may be tremendously deranged.